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Funding and Legislation

Included in the chart below is the amount of funding per fiscal year since FY 2004.

 

Fiscal Year (FY) Appropriation for new awards
FY 2018 $13,939,394
FY 2017 $13,000,000
FY 2016 $13,000,000
FY 2015 $13,198,800
FY 2014 $16,000,000
FY 2013 $19,116,280
FY 2012 $20,000,000
FY 2011 $15,500,000
FY 2010 $13,200,000
FY 2009 $14,000,000
FY 2008 $14,800,000
FY 2007 $13,860,000
FY 2006 $13,860,000
FY 2005 $13,888,000
FY 2004 $13,917,400

Legislation

Scholarships for Opportunity and Results (SOAR) Act – Division C of P.L. 112-10

SEC. 3001. SHORT TITLE. (DC Code 38-1853.01)

This division may be cited as the “Scholarships for Opportunity and Results Act” or the “SOAR Act”.

SEC. 3002. FINDINGS. (DC Code 38-1853.02)

Congress finds the following:

(1) Parents are best equipped to make decisions for their children, including the educational setting that will best serve the interests and educational needs of their child.

(2) For many parents in the District of Columbia, public school choice provided under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, as well as under other public school choice programs, is inadequate. More educational options are needed to ensure all families in the District of Columbia have access to a quality education. In particular, funds are needed to provide low-income parents with enhanced public opportunities and private educational environments, regardless of whether such environments are secular or nonsecular.

(3) While the per student cost for students in the public schools of the District of Columbia is one of the highest in the United States, test scores for such students continue to be among the lowest in the Nation. The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), an annual report released by the National Center for Education Statistics, reported in its 2009 study that students in the District of Columbia were being outperformed by every State in the Nation. On the 2009 NAEP, 56 percent of fourth grade students scored “below basic” in reading, and 44 percent scored “below basic” in mathematics. Among eighth grade students, 49 percent scored “below basic” in reading and 60 percent scored “below basic” in mathematics. On the 2009 NAEP reading assessment, only 17 percent of the District of Columbia fourth grade students could read proficiently, while only 13 percent of the eighth grade students scored at the proficient or advanced level.

(4) In 2003, Congress passed the DC School Choice Incentive Act of 2003 (Public Law 108-199; 118 Stat. 126), to provide opportunity scholarships to parents of students in the District of Columbia to enable them to pursue a high-quality education at a public or private elementary or secondary school of their choice. The DC Opportunity Scholarship Program (DC OSP) under such Act was part of a comprehensive 3-part funding arrangement that also included additional funds for the District of Columbia public schools, and additional funds for public charter schools of the District of Columbia. The intent of the approach was to ensure that progress would continue to be made to improve public schools and public charter schools, and that funding for the opportunity scholarship program would not lead to a reduction in funding for the District of Columbia public and charter schools. Resources would be available for a variety of educational options that would give families in the District of Columbia a range of choices with regard to the education of their children.

(5) The DC OSP was established in accordance with the Supreme Court decision, Zelman v. Simmons-Harris, 536 U.S. 639 (2002), which found that a program enacted for the valid secular purpose of providing educational assistance to low-income children in a demonstrably failing public school system is constitutional if it is neutral with respect to religion and provides assistance to a broad class of citizens who direct government aid to religious and secular schools solely as a result of their genuine and independent private choices.

(6) Since the inception of the DC OSP, it has consistently been oversubscribed. Parents express strong support for the opportunity scholarship program. Rigorous studies of the program by the Institute of Education Sciences have shown significant improvements in parental satisfaction and in reading scores that are more dramatic when only those students consistently using the scholarships are considered. The program also was found to result in significantly higher graduation rates for DC OSP students.

(7) The DC OSP is a program that offers families in need, in the District of Columbia, important alternatives while public schools are improved. This program should be reauthorized as 1 of a 3-part comprehensive funding strategy for the District of Columbia school system that provides new and equal funding for public schools, public charter schools, and opportunity scholarships for students to attend private schools.

SEC. 3003. PURPOSE. (DC Code 38-1853.03)

The purpose of this division is to provide low-income parents residing in the District of Columbia, particularly parents of students who attend an elementary school or secondary school identified as one of the lowest-performing schools under the District of Columbia’s accountability system, with expanded opportunities for enrolling their children in other schools in the District of Columbia, at least until the public schools in the District of Columbia have adequately addressed shortfalls in health, safety, and security, and the students in the District of Columbia public schools are testing in mathematics and reading at or above the national average.

SEC. 3004. GENERAL AUTHORITY. (DC Code 38-1853.04)

(a) Opportunity Scholarships.

(1) In general. From funds appropriated under section 3014(a)(1), the Secretary shall award grants on a competitive basis to eligible entities with approved applications under section 3005 to carry out a program to provide eligible students with expanded school choice opportunities. The Secretary may award a single grant or multiple grants, depending on the quality of applications submitted and the priorities of this division.

(2) Duration of grants. The Secretary may make grants under this subsection for a period of not more than 5 years.

(3) Prohibiting imposition of limits on eligible students participating in the program.—(A) In general. In carrying out the program under this division, the Secretary may not limit the number of eligible students receiving scholarships under section 3007(a), and may not prevent otherwise eligible students from participating in the program under this division, based on any of the following:

(i) They type of school the student previously attended.

(ii) Whether or not the student previously received a scholarship or participated in the program, including whether an eligible student was awarded a scholarship in any previous year but has not used the scholarship, regardless of the number of years of nonuse.

(iii) Whether or not the student was a member of the control group used by the Institute of Education Sciences to carry out previous evaluations of the program under section 3009.

(B) Rule of construction. Nothing in subparagraph (A) may be construed to waive the requirement under section 3005(b)(1)(B) that the eligible entity carrying out the program under this Act must carry out a random selection process, which gives weight to the priorities described in section 3006, if more eligible students seek admission in the program than the program can accommodate.

(b) DC Public Schools and Charter Schools. From funds appropriated under paragraphs (2) and (3) of section 3014(a), the Secretary shall provide funds to the Mayor of the District of Columbia, if the Mayor agrees to the requirements described in section 3011(a), for—

(1) the District of Columbia public schools to improve public education in the District of Columbia; and
(2) the District of Columbia public charter schools to improve and expand quality public charter schools in the District of Columbia.

SEC. 3005. APPLICATIONS. (DC Code 38-1853.05)

(a) In General. In order to receive a grant under section 3004(a), an eligible entity shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and accompanied by such information as the Secretary may require.
(b) Contents. The Secretary may not approve the request of an eligible entity for a grant under section 3004(a) unless the entity’s application includes—

(1) a detailed description of—

(A) how the entity will address the priorities described in section 3006;

(B) how the entity will ensure that if more eligible students seek admission in the program of the entity than the program can accommodate, eligible students are selected for admission through a random selection process which gives weight to the priorities described in section 3006;

(C) how the entity will ensure that if more participating eligible students seek admission to a participating school than the school can accommodate, participating eligible students are selected for admission through a random selection process;

(D) how the entity will notify parents of eligible students of the expanded choice opportunities in order to allow the parents to make informed decisions;

(E) the activities that the entity will carry out to provide parents of eligible students with expanded choice opportunities through the awarding of scholarships under section 3007(a);

(F) how the entity will determine the amount that will be provided to parents under section 3007(a)(2) for the payment of tuition, fees, and transportation expenses, if any;

(G) how the entity will seek out private elementary schools and secondary schools in the District of Columbia to participate in the program;

(H) how the entity will ensure that each participating school will meet the reporting and other program requirements under this division;

(I) how the entity will ensure that participating schools submit to site visits by the entity as determined to be necessary by the entity;

(J) how the entity will ensure that participating schools are financially responsible and will use the funds received under section 3007 effectively;

(K) how the entity will ensure the financial viability of participating schools in which 85 percent or more of the total number of students enrolled at the school are participating eligible students that receive and use an opportunity scholarship;

(L) how the entity will address the renewal of scholarships to participating eligible students, including continued eligibility;

(M) how the entity will ensure that a majority of its voting board members or governing organization are residents of the District of Columbia; and

(N) how the eligible entity will ensure that it—

(i) utilizes internal fiscal and quality controls; and

(ii) complies with applicable financial reporting requirements and the requirements of this division; and

(2) an assurance that the entity will comply with all requests regarding any evaluation carried out under section 3009(a).

SEC. 3006. PRIORITIES. (DC Code 38-1853.06)

In awarding grants under section 3004(a), the Secretary shall give priority to applications from eligible entities that will most effectively—

(1) in awarding scholarships under section 3007(a), give priority to—

(A) eligible students who, in the school year preceding the school year for which the eligible students are seeking a scholarship, attended an elementary school or secondary school identified as one of the lowest-performing schools under the District of Columbia’s accountability system; and
(B) students whose household includes a sibling or other child who is already participating in the program of the eligible entity under this division, regardless of whether such students have, in the past, been assigned as members of a control study group for the purposes of an evaluation under section 3009(a); or whether such students have, in the past, attended a private school;

(2) target resources to students and families that lack the financial resources to take advantage of available educational options; and
(3) provide students and families with the widest range of educational options.

SEC. 3007. USE OF FUNDS. (DC Code 38-1853.07)

(a) Opportunity Scholarships.

(1) In general. Subject to paragraphs (2), (3), and (5), an eligible entity receiving a grant under section 3004(a) shall use the grant funds to provide eligible students with scholarships to pay the tuition, fees, and transportation expenses, if any, to enable the eligible students to attend the District of Columbia private elementary school or secondary school of their choice beginning in school year 2011-2012. Each such eligible entity shall ensure that the amount of any tuition or fees charged by a school participating in such entity’s program under this division to an eligible student participating in the program does not exceed the amount of tuition or fees that the school charges to students who do not participate in the program.
(2) Payments to parents. An eligible entity receiving a grant under section 3004(a) shall make scholarship payments under the entity’s program under this division to the parent of the eligible student participating in the program, in a manner which ensures that such payments will be used for the payment of tuition, fees, and transportation expenses (if any), in accordance with this division.
(3) Amount of assistance.

(A) Varying amounts permitted. Subject to the other requirements of this section, an eligible entity receiving a grant under section 3004(a) may award scholarships in larger amounts to those eligible students with the greatest need.
(B) Annual limit on amount.

(i) Limit for school year 2011-2012. The amount of assistance provided to any eligible student by an eligible entity under the entity’s program under this division for school year 2011-2012 may not exceed—

(I) $8,000 for attendance in kindergarten through grade 8; and
(II) $12,000 for attendance in grades 9 through 12.

(ii) Cumulative inflation adjustment. Beginning with school year 2012-2013, the Secretary shall adjust the maximum amounts of assistance described in clause (i) for inflation, as measured by the percentage increase, if any, from the preceding fiscal year in the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers, published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the Department of Labor.

(4) Participating school requirements. None of the funds provided under this division for opportunity scholarships may be used by an eligible student to enroll in a participating private school unless the participating school—

(A) has and maintains a valid certificate of occupancy issued by the District of Columbia;

(B) makes readily available to all prospective students information on its school accreditation;

(C) in the case of a school that has been operating for 5 years or less, submits to the eligible entity administering the program proof of adequate financial resources reflecting the financial sustainability of the school and the school’s ability to be in operation through the school year;

(D) agrees to submit to site visits as determined to be necessary by the eligible entity pursuant to section 3005(b)(1)(I);

(E) has financial systems, controls, policies, and procedures to ensure that funds are used according to this division;

(F) ensures that, with respect to core subject matter, participating students are taught by a teacher who has a baccalaureate degree or equivalent degree, whether such degree was awarded in or outside of the United States;

(G) conducts criminal background checks on school employees who have direct and unsupervised interaction with students; and

(H) complies with all requests for data and information regarding the reporting requirements described in section 3010.

(5) Accreditation requirements.

(A) In general. None of the funds provided under this division for opportunity scholarships may be used by a participating eligible student to enroll in a participating private school unless the school—

(i) in the case of a school that is a participating school as of the date of enactment of the SOAR Reauthorization Act—

(I) is fully accredited by an accrediting body described in any of subparagraphs (A) through (G) of section 2202(16) of the District of Columbia School Reform Act of 1995 (Public Law 104-134; sec. 38-1802.02(16)(A) — (G), D.C. Official Code); or

(II) if such participating school does not meet the requirements of subclause (I)–

(aa) not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2016 (Public Law 114-113), the school is pursuing full accreditation by an accrediting body described in subclause (I); and

(bb) is fully accredited by such an accrediting body not later than 5 years after the date on which that school began the process of pursuing full accreditation in accordance with item (aa); and

(ii) in the case of a school that is not a participating school as of the date of enactment of the SOAR Reauthorization Act, is fully accredited by an accrediting body described in clause (i)(I) before becoming a participating school under this division.

(B) Reports to eligible entity. Not later than 5 years after the date of enactment of the SOAR Reauthorization Act, each participating school shall submit to the eligible entity a certification that the school has been fully accredited in accordance with subparagraph (A).

(C) Assisting students in enrolling in other schools. If a participating school fails to meet the requirements of this paragraph, the eligible entity shall assist the parents of the participating eligible students who attend the school in identifying, applying to, and enrolling in another participating school under this division.

(6) Treatment of students awarded a scholarship in a previous year. An eligible entity shall treat a participating eligible student who was awarded an opportunity scholarship in any previous year and who has not used the scholarship as a renewal student and not as a new applicant, without regard as to—

(A) whether the eligible student has used the scholarship; and

(B) the year in which the scholarship was previously awarded.

(b) Administrative Expenses and Parental Assistance. The Secretary shall make $2,000,000 of the amount made available under section 3014(a)(1) for each fiscal year available to eligible entities receiving a grant under section 3004(a) to cover the following expenses:

(1) The administrative expenses of carrying out its programs under this division during the year, including—

(A) determining the eligibility of students to participate;

(B) selecting the eligible students to receive scholarships;

(C) determining the amount of the scholarships and issuing the scholarships to eligible students;

(D) compiling and maintaining financial and programmatic records;

(E) conducting site visits as described in section 3005(b)(1)(I); and

(F)(i) conducting a study, including a survey of participating parents, on any barriers for participating eligible students in gaining admission to, or attending, the participating school that is their first choice; and

(ii) not later than the end of the first full fiscal year after the date of enactment of the SOAR Reauthorization Act, submitting a report to Congress that contains the results of such study.

(2) The expenses of educating parents about the eligible entity’s program under this division, and assisting parents through the application process under this division, including—

(A) providing information about the program and the participating schools to parents of eligible students, including information on supplemental financial aid that may be available at participating schools;

(B) providing funds to assist parents of students in meeting expenses that might otherwise preclude the participation of eligible students in the program; and

(C) streamlining the application process for parents.

(c) Student Academic Assistance. An eligible entity receiving a grant under section 3004(a) may use not more than 1 percent of the amount provided under the grant each year for expenses to provide tutoring services to participating eligible students that need additional academic assistance. If there are insufficient funds to provide tutoring services to all such students in a year, the eligible entity shall give priority in such year to students who previously attended an elementary school or secondary school identified as one of the lowest-performing schools under the District of Columbia’s accountability system.

(d) Requiring Use of Funds Remaining Unobligated From Previous Fiscal Years.

(1) In general. To the extent that any funds appropriated for the opportunity scholarship program under this division for any fiscal year remain available for subsequent fiscal years under section 3014(c), the Secretary shall make such funds available to eligible entities receiving grants under section 3004(a) for the uses described in paragraph (2)—

(A) in the case of any remaining funds that were appropriated before the date of enactment of the SOAR Funding Availability Act, beginning on the date of enactment of such Act; and

(B) in the case of any remaining funds appropriated on or after the date of enactment of such Act, by the first day of the first subsequent fiscal year.

(2) Use of funds. If an eligible entity to which the Secretary provided additional funds under paragraph (1) elects to use such funds during the fiscal year, the eligible entity shall use—

(A) not less than 95 percent of such additional funds to provide additional scholarships for eligible students under subsection (a), or to increase the amount of the scholarships, during such year; and

(B) not more than a total of 5 percent of such additional funds for administrative expenses, parental assistance, or tutoring, as described in subsections (b) and (c), during such year

(3) Special rule. Any amounts made available for administrative expenses, parental assistance, or tutoring under paragraph (2)(B) shall be in addition to any other amounts made available for such purposes in accordance with subsections (b) and (c).

SEC. 3008. NONDISCRIMINATION AND OTHER REQUIREMENTS FOR PARTICIPATING SCHOOLS. (DC Code 38-1853.08) [Note: The on-line DC Code version of this section mistakenly duplicates the text of subsection (h)(2) and (3) as subsection (d)(2) and (3). The correct text is shown below.]

(a) In General. An eligible entity or a school participating in any program under this division shall not discriminate against program participants or applicants on the basis of race, color, national origin, religion, or sex.

(b) Applicability and Single Sex Schools, Classes, or Activities.

(1) In general. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the prohibition of sex discrimination in subsection (a) shall not apply to a participating school that is operated by, supervised by, controlled by, or connected to a religious organization to the extent that the application of subsection (a) is inconsistent with the religious tenets or beliefs of the school.

(2) Single sex schools, classes, or activities. Notwithstanding subsection (a) or any other provision of law, a parent may choose and a school may offer a single sex school, class, or activity.

(3) Applicability. For purposes of this division, the provisions of section 909 of the Education Amendments of 1972 (20 U.S.C. 1688) shall apply to this division as if section 909 of the Education Amendments of 1972 (20 U.S.C. 1688) were part of this division.

(c) Children With Disabilities. Nothing in this division may be construed to alter or modify the provisions of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1400 et seq.).

(d) Religiously Affiliated Schools.

(1) In general. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a school participating in any program under this division that is operated by, supervised by, controlled by, or connected to, a religious organization may exercise its right in matters of employment consistent with title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (42 U.S.C. 2000e-1 et seq.), including the exemptions in such title.

(2) Maintenance of purpose. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, funds made available under this division to eligible students, which are used at a participating school as a result of their parents’ choice, shall not, consistent with the first amendment of the Constitution, necessitate any change in the participating school’s teaching mission, require any participating school to remove religious art, icons, scriptures, or other symbols, or preclude any participating school from retaining religious terms in its name, selecting its board members on a religious basis, or including religious references in its mission statements and other chartering or governing documents.

(e) Rule of Construction. A scholarship (or any other form of support provided to parents of eligible students) under this division shall be considered assistance to the student and shall not be considered assistance to the school that enrolls the eligible student. The amount of any scholarship (or other form of support provided to parents of an eligible student) under this division shall not be treated as income of the child or his or her parents for purposes of Federal tax laws or for determining eligibility for any other Federal program.

(f) Requests for Data and Information. Each school participating in a program funded under this division shall comply with all requests for data and information regarding evaluations conducted under section 3009(a).

(g) Rules of Conduct and Other School Policies. A participating school, including the schools described in subsection (d), may require eligible students to abide by any rules of conduct and other requirements applicable to all other students at the school.

(h) Nationally Norm-Referenced Standardized Tests.

(1) In general. Each participating school shall comply with any testing requirements determined to be necessary for evaluation under section 3009(a)(2)(A)(i).

(2) Administration of tests. The Institute of Education Sciences shall administer nationally norm-referenced standardized tests, as described in paragraph (3)(A) of section 3009(a), to students participating in the evaluation under section 3009(a) for the purpose of conducting the evaluation under such section, except where a student is attending a participating school that is administering the same nationally norm-referenced standardized test in accordance with the testing requirements described in paragraph (1).

(3) Test results. Each participating school that administers the nationally norm-referenced standardized test described in paragraph (2) to an eligible student shall make the test results, with respect to such student, available to the Secretary as necessary for evaluation under section 3009(a).

 

SEC. 3009. EVALUATIONS. (DC Code 38-1853.09)

(a) In General.—(1) Duties of the Secretary and the Mayor. The Secretary and the Mayor of the District of Columbia shall—

(A) jointly enter into an agreement with the Institute of Education Sciences of the Department of Education to evaluate annually the opportunity scholarship program under this division;

(B) jointly enter into an agreement to monitor and evaluate the use of funds authorized and appropriated for the District of Columbia public schools and the District of Columbia public charter schools under this division; and

(C) make the evaluations described in subparagraphs (A) and (B) public in accordance with subsection (c).

(2) Duties of the Secretary. The Secretary, through a grant, contract, or cooperative agreement, shall—

(A) ensure that the evaluation under paragraph (1)(A)—

(i) is conducted using an acceptable quasi-experimental research design for determining the effectiveness of the opportunity scholarship program under this division that does not use a control study group consisting of students who applied for but did not receive opportunity scholarships; and

(ii) addresses the issues described in paragraph (4); and

(B) disseminate information on the impact of the program—

(i) on academic achievement and educational attainment of participating eligible students who use an opportunity scholarship; and

(ii) on students and schools in the District of Columbia.

(3) Duties of the Institute on [sic] Education Sciences. The Institute of Education Sciences of the Department of Education shall—

(A) assess participating eligible students who use an opportunity scholarship in each of grades 3 through 8, as well as one of the grades at the high school level, by supervising the administration of the same reading and mathematics assessment used by the District of Columbia public schools to comply with section 1111(b) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6311(b));

(B) measure the academic achievement of all participating eligible students who use an opportunity scholarship in the grades described in subparagraph (A); and

(C) work with eligible entities receiving a grant under this division to ensure that the parents of each student who is a participating eligible student that uses an opportunity scholarship agrees to permit their child to participate in the evaluations and assessments carried out by the Institute of Education Sciences under this subsection.

(4) Issues to be evaluated. The issues to be evaluated under paragraph (1)(A) shall include the following:

(A) A comparison of the academic achievement of participating eligible students who use an opportunity scholarship on the measurements described in paragraph (3)(B) to the academic achievement of a comparison group of students with similar backgrounds in the District of Columbia public schools and the District of Columbia public charter schools.

(B) The success of the program under this division in expanding choice options for parents of participating eligible students and increasing the satisfaction of such parents and students with their choice.

(C) The reasons parents of participating eligible students choose for their children to participate in the program, including important characteristics for selecting schools.

(D) A comparison of the retention rates, high school graduation rates, college enrollment rates, college persistence rates, and college graduation rates of participating eligible students who use an opportunity scholarship with the rates of students in the comparison group described in subparagraph (A).

(E) A comparison of the college enrollment rates, college persistence rates, and college graduation rates of students who participated in the program in 2004, 2005, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, and 2015 as the result of winning the Opportunity Scholarship Program lottery with such enrollment, persistence, and graduation rates for students who entered but did not win such lottery in those years and who, as a result, served as the control group for previous evaluations of the program under this division. Nothing in this subparagraph may be construed to waive section 3004(a)(3)(A)(iii) with respect to any such student.

(F) A comparison of the safety of the schools attended by participating eligible students who use an opportunity scholarship and the schools in the District of Columbia attended by students in the comparison group described in subparagraph (A), based on the perceptions of the students and parents.

(G) An assessment of student academic achievement at participating schools in which 85 percent of the total number of students enrolled at the school are participating eligible students who receive and use an opportunity scholarship.

(H) Such other issues with respect to participating eligible students who use an opportunity scholarship as the Secretary considers appropriate for inclusion in the evaluation, such as the impact of the program on public elementary schools and secondary schools in the District of Columbia.

(5) Prohibiting disclosure of personal information.—(A) In general. Any disclosure of personally identifiable information obtained under this division shall be in compliance with section 444 of the General Education Provisions Act (commonly known as the “Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974”) (20 U.S.C. 1232g).

(B) Students not attending public school. With respect to any student who is not attending a public elementary school or secondary school, personally identifiable information obtained under this division shall only be disclosed to—

(i) individuals carrying out the evaluation described in paragraph (1)(A) for such student;

(ii) the group of individuals providing information for carrying out the evaluation of such student; and

(iii) the parents of such student.

(b) Reports. The Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Appropriations, Education and the Workforce, and Oversight and Government Reform of the House of Representatives and the Committees on Appropriations, Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions, and Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate—

(1) annual interim reports, not later than April 1 of the year following the year of the date of enactment of this division, and each subsequent year through the year in which the final report is submitted under paragraph (2), on the progress and preliminary results of the evaluation of the opportunity scholarship program funded under this division; and

(2) a final report, not later than 1 year after the final year for which a grant is made under section 3004(a), on the results of the evaluation of the program.

(c) Public Availability. All reports and underlying data gathered pursuant to this section shall be made available to the public upon request, in a timely manner following submission of the applicable report under subsection (b), except that personally identifiable information shall not be disclosed or made available to the public.

(d) Limit on Amount Expended. The amount expended by the Secretary to carry out this section for any fiscal year may not exceed 5 percent of the total amount appropriated under section 3014(a)(1) for the fiscal year.

[Note: Section 908(a)(2) of the SOAR Reauthorization Act (131 Stat. 401) provides that, after obtaining data for the 2017-2018 school year, the Secretary shall terminate any existing evaluations and submit reports, and the Secretary must conduct new evaluations in accordance with the amendments above. In addition, the Secretary must continue to monitor and evaluate students who were evaluated prior to passage of the SOAR Reauthorization Act.]

SEC. 3010. REPORTING REQUIREMENTS. (DC Code 38-1853.10)

(a) Activities Reports. Each eligible entity receiving funds under section 3004(a) during a year shall submit a report to the Secretary not later than July 30 of the following year regarding the activities carried out with the funds during the preceding year.

(b) Achievement Reports.

(1) In general. In addition to the reports required under subsection (a), each eligible entity receiving funds under section 3004(a) shall, not later than September 1 of the year during which the second school year of the entity’s program is completed and each of the next 2 years thereafter, submit to the Secretary a report, including any pertinent data collected in the preceding 2 school years, concerning—

(A) the academic growth and achievement of students participating in the program;

(B) the high school graduation and college admission rates of students who participate in the program, where appropriate; and

(C) parental satisfaction with the program.

(2) Prohibiting disclosure of personal information. No report under this subsection may contain any personally identifiable information.

(c) Reports to Parents.

(1) In general. Each eligible entity receiving funds under section 3004(a) shall ensure that each school participating in the entity’s program under this division during a school year reports at least once during the year to the parents of each of the school’s students who are participating in the program on—

(A) the student’s academic achievement, as measured by a comparison with the aggregate academic achievement of other participating students at the student’s school in the same grade or level, as appropriate, and the aggregate academic achievement of the student’s peers at the student’s school in the same grade or level, as appropriate;

(B) the safety of the school, including the incidence of school violence, student suspensions, and student expulsions; and

(C) the accreditation status of the school.

(2) Prohibiting disclosure of personal information. No report under this subsection may contain any personally identifiable information, except as to the student who is the subject of the report to that student’s parent.

(d) Report to Congress. Not later than 6 months after the first appropriation of funds under section 3014, and each succeeding year thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Appropriations, Education and the Workforce, and Oversight and Government Reform of the House of Representatives and the Committees on Appropriations, Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions, and Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate, an annual report on the findings of the reports submitted under subsections (a) and (b).

SEC. 3011. DC PUBLIC SCHOOLS AND DC PUBLIC CHARTER SCHOOLS. (DC Code 38-1853.11)

(a) Condition of Receipt of Funds. As a condition of receiving funds under this division on behalf of the District of Columbia public schools and the District of Columbia public charter schools, the Mayor shall agree to carry out the following:

(1) Information necessary to carry out evaluations. Ensure that all District of Columbia public schools and District of Columbia public charter schools make available to the Institute of Education Sciences of the Department of Education all of the information the Institute requires to carry out the assessments and perform the evaluations required under section 3009(a).

(2) Agreement with the secretary. Enter into the agreement described in section 3009(a)(1)(B) to monitor and evaluate the use of funds authorized and appropriated for the District of Columbia public schools and the District of Columbia public charter schools under this division.

(3) Submission of report. Not later than 6 months after the first appropriation of funds under section 3014, and each succeeding year thereafter, submit to the Committee on Appropriations, the Committee on Education and the Workforce, and the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on Appropriations, the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions, and the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate, information on—

(A) how the funds authorized and appropriated under this division for the District of Columbia public schools and the District of Columbia public charter schools were used in the preceding school year; and

(B) how such funds are contributing to student achievement.

(b) Specific rules regarding funds provided for support of public charter schools. The following rules shall apply with respect to the funds provided under this division for the support of District of Columbia public charter schools:

(1) The Secretary may direct the funds provided for any fiscal year, or any portion thereof, to the Office of the State Superintendent of Education of the District of Columbia.

(2) The Office of the State Superintendent of Education of the District of Columbia may transfer the funds to subgrantees that are –

(A) specific District of Columbia public charter schools or networks of such schools; or

(B) District of Columbia-based nonprofit organizations with experience in successfully providing support or assistance to District of Columbia public charter schools or networks of such schools.

(3) The funds provided under this division for the support of District of Columbia public charter schools shall be available to any District of Columbia public charter school in good standing with the District of Columbia Charter School Board, and the Office of the State Superintendent of Education of the District of Columbia and the District of Columbia Charter School Board may not restrict the availability of such funds to certain types of schools on the basis of the school’s location, governing body, or the school’s facilities.

(c) Enforcement. If, after reasonable notice and an opportunity for a hearing, the Secretary determines that the Mayor has failed to comply with any of the requirements of subsection (a), the Secretary may withhold from the Mayor, in whole or in part—

(1) the funds otherwise authorized to be appropriated under section 3014(a)(2), if the failure to comply relates to the District of Columbia public schools;

(2) the funds otherwise authorized to be appropriated under section 3014(a)(3), if the failure to comply relates to the District of Columbia public charter schools; or

(3) the funds otherwise authorized to be appropriated under both paragraphs (2) and (3) of section 3014(a), if the failure relates to both the District of Columbia public schools and the District of Columbia public charter schools.

(d) Rule of Construction. Nothing in this section shall be construed to reduce, or otherwise affect, funding provided under this division for the opportunity scholarship program under this division.

SEC. 3012. TRANSITION PROVISIONS. (DC Code 38-1853.12)

(a) Repeal. The DC School Choice Incentive Act of 2003 (sec. 38-1851.01 et seq., D.C. Official Code) is repealed.

(b) Special Rules. Notwithstanding any other provision of law—

(1) funding appropriated to provide opportunity scholarships for students in the District of Columbia under the heading “Federal Payment for School Improvement” in title IV of division D of the Omnibus Appropriations Act, 2009 (Public Law 111-8; 123 Stat. 653), the heading “Federal Payment for School Improvement” in title IV of division C of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2010 (Public Law 111-117; 123 Stat. 3181), or any other Act, may be used to provide opportunity scholarships under section 3007(a) for the 2011-2012 school year to students who have not previously received such scholarships;

(2) the fourth and fifth provisos under the heading “Federal Payment for School Improvement” of title IV of Division C of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2010 (Public Law 111-117; 123 Stat. 3181) shall not apply; and

(3) any unobligated amounts reserved to carry out the provisos described in paragraph (2) shall be made available to an eligible entity receiving a grant under section 3004(a)—

(A) for administrative expenses described in section 3007(b); or

(B) to provide opportunity scholarships under section 3007(a), including to provide such scholarships for the 2011-2012 school year to students who have not previously received such scholarships.

(c) Multiyear Awards. The recipient of a grant or contract under the DC School Choice Incentive Act of 2003 (sec. 38-1851.01 et seq., D.C. Official Code), as such Act was in effect on the day before the date of the enactment of this division, shall continue to receive funds in accordance with the terms and conditions of such grant or contract, except that—

(1) the provisos relating to opportunity scholarships in the Acts described in subsection (b)(1) shall not apply; and

(2) the memorandum of understanding described in subsection (d), including any revision made under such subsection, shall apply.

(d) Memorandum of Understanding. The Secretary and the Mayor of the District of Columbia shall revise the memorandum of understanding entered into under the DC School Choice Incentive Act of 2003 (sec. 38-1851.01 et seq., D.C. Official Code), as such Act was in effect on the day before the date of the enactment of this division, to address—

(1) the implementation of the opportunity scholarship program under this division; and

(2) how the Mayor will ensure that the District of Columbia public schools and the District of Columbia public charter schools comply with all the reasonable requests for information as necessary to fulfill the requirements for evaluations conducted under section 3009(a).

(e) Orderly Transition. Subject to subsections (c) and (d), the Secretary shall take such steps as the Secretary determines to be appropriate to provide for the orderly transition to the authority of this division from any authority under the provisions of the DC School Choice Incentive Act of 2003 (sec. 38-1851.01 et seq., D.C. Official Code), as such Act was in effect on the day before the date of enactment of this division.

SEC. 3013. DEFINITIONS. (DC Code 38-1853.13)

As used in this division:

(1) Core subject matter. The term “core subject matter” means—

(A) mathematics;

(B) science; and

(C) English, reading, or language arts.

(2) Elementary school. The term “elementary school” means an institutional day or residential school, including a public elementary charter school, that provides elementary education, as determined under District of Columbia law.

(3) Eligible entity. The term “eligible entity” means any of the following:

(A) A nonprofit organization.

(B) A consortium of nonprofit organizations.

(4) Eligible student. The term “eligible student” means a student who is a resident of the District of Columbia and comes from a household—

(A) receiving assistance under the supplemental nutrition assistance program established under the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.); or

(B) whose income does not exceed—

(i) 185 percent of the poverty line; or

(ii) in the case of a household with a student participating in the opportunity scholarship program in the preceding year under this division or the DC School Choice Incentive Act of 2003 (sec. 38-1851.01 et seq., D.C. Official Code), as such Act was in effect on the day before the date of enactment of this division, 300 percent of the poverty line.

(5) Mayor. The term “Mayor” means the Mayor of the District of Columbia.

(6) Parent. The term “parent” has the meaning given that term in section 9101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801).

(7) Participating eligible student. The term “participating eligible student” means an eligible student awarded an opportunity scholarship under this division, without regard to whether the student uses the scholarship to attend a participating school.

(8) Participating school. The term “participating school” means a private elementary school or secondary school participating in the opportunity scholarship program of an eligible entity under this division.

(9) Poverty line. The term “poverty line” has the meaning given that term in section 8101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801).

(10) Secondary school. The term “secondary school” means an institutional day or residential school, including a public secondary charter school, that provides secondary education, as determined under District of Columbia law, except that the term does not include any education beyond grade 12.

(11) Secretary. The term “Secretary” means the Secretary of Education.

SEC. 3014. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS. (DC Code 38-1853.14)

(a) In General. There are authorized to be appropriated $60,000,000 for fiscal year 2012 and for each fiscal year through fiscal year 2019, of which—

1) one-third shall be made available to carry out the opportunity scholarship program under this division for each fiscal year;

(2) one-third shall be made available to carry out section 3004(b)(1) for each fiscal year; and

(3) one-third shall be made available to carry out section 3004(b)(2) for each fiscal year.

(b) Apportionment. If the total amount of funds appropriated under subsection (a) for a fiscal year does not equal $60,000,000, the funds shall be apportioned in the manner described in subsection (a) for such fiscal year.

(c) Availability. Amounts appropriated under subsection (a)(1), including amounts appropriated and available under such subsection before the date of enactment of the SOAR Funding Availability Act, shall remain available until expended.

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